Top 8 Profitable Farming Business In Nigeria

Agriculture is the most important sector in the Nigerian economy. It employs 60% of Nigerians, including many rural women, and contributes up to 35% of the country’s GDP. As in many other African countries, agriculture in Nigeria is largely focused on food crops for the domestic market, given the Nigerian population estimated at 150 million people. In spite of this reality, Nigeria remains a net importer of food, for many reasons. First of all, the majority of the agriculture-focused operations in the country are small-scale, with limited innovation regarding inputs, harvesting, processing, distribution, and access to markets. The vast majority of people engaged in agriculture operate at the subsistence level, are uneducated and have limited access to training. Which makes farming business is one of the most profitable businesses to venture into.
From maize farming and rice production to poultry farming and fishery. Farming is starting to recover its age-old respectable reputation.If you are looking to start agriculture business in Nigeria and are uncertain about how to get started. This in-depth guide explains all the information you need to start a profitable farming business in Nigeria.

grain storage

Types Of Farming Business In Nigeria

1.Crop Farming

The raw crop used in the production of different finished products are all generated through farming. Some of these grain include rice,maize,cassava,wheat,cotton, timber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, and others.Nigeria continues to import massive amounts of grain on a daily basis. Nigeria bought $20 billion in wheat alone in 2023, also it remains the largest producer of rice in all of West Africa and the third largest producers in Africa after Egypt and Madagascar,the maize is a food staple in Nigeria. This demonstrates the actual potential and possibilities of grain cultivation.If you’re looking for an agricultural business that ensures you always almost sell out all your harvests,no matter rice,maize ,wheat or cassava farming ,they are great business to start.Also you can deal agriculture machinery for crop farming ,like multi grain thresher machine,maize sheller machine ,rice mill machine etc.

farming business in nigeria

2.Vegetable Farming

Vegetable farming in Nigeria one of the silent money makers in Nigeria. In a country made up of over 100 million people of different tribes and ethnicities, whose major common denominator is the use of vegetables in preparing their food, vegetable farming in Nigeria is indeed very profitable. Vegetable is used in preparing Egusi, Afang, Ogbono, Edikang Ikong, and many other Nigerian delicacies.
Tomatoes are widely consumed, making them a major staple in the Nigerian diet. The ease of cultivation and the ability to grow them throughout the year in most parts of Nigeria make tomato farming an ideal choice for small-scale farmers seeking quick returns. Combining tomato farming with pepper and onion farming can lead to outrageous profits.

vegetable business in Africa

3.Fruit Farming

Nigeria is passing through a period of rapid population and economic growth.Fruit farming in Nigeria is a rapidly growing industry with vast potentials for economic growth and development. Shortages of horticultural produce especially fruits are often very acute because of low levels of technology in production, harvesting and storage as well as increasingly high demand for fruits arising from rapidly improving standard of living.

fruit business

4.Poultry Farming

With over 160 Million consumers in Nigeria alone, the demand for chickens and turkeys in Nigeria as a whole is increasing on a daily basis. Millions of tons are used each day, and the existing supply is insufficient to match the demand.The market is always there, waiting to be tapped. Poultry Farming in Nigeria is probably one of the most lucrative farming businesses you can do. The quick maturity of chicken presents one of the finest opportunities for entrepreneurs to make good money within the shortest period of time possible.

poultry farming

5.Fish Farming

Many kinds of fish are growing in Nigeria,however, many people like catfish because its meat is juicy, soft, and tasty. Every Nigerian family has this as a basic cuisine, and people are eating it at least once a week. There is a sizable demand for them in Nigeria, and they’ll always sell out of your supply as soon as they are grown to the buyer’s standards.However, not everyone knows that this fish can be grown quickly; even on a small farm, you can organize catfish farming at home.

6.Honey Bee Farming

Honey is one of the oldest sweeteners on earth. Lucky for us, it also has many health benefits and uses. Keeping bees at a large scale for commercial purposes as a business plan is increasing in this fast-growing world.Selling honey can be a lucrative business for people who aren’t allergic to bee stings.

7.Palm Oil Farming

Palm oil production stands out as a profitable farming business in Nigeria, offering easy startup and high demand locally and internationally. Palm oil and palm kernel farming can be integrated with vegetable oil farming, creating additional opportunities for profit. Palm seed oil extraction, either through natural or chemical processes, presents a viable agribusiness venture. Palm seed oil, rich in nutritional value, offers various income streams beyond red oil, including palm fronds, trees for wood, palm wine, and medicinal parts of the tree.

palm oil business in nigeria

8.Snail Farming

Snail farming has become one of the most profitable agribusinesses in Nigeria, offering high returns with low capital investment. The affordability and profitability of snail farming, coupled with a conducive climate in Nigeria, make it an attractive and lucrative venture. With high nutritional value and minimal maintenance requirements, snail farming presents an ideal entry point for individuals looking to enter the agriculture industry.


The agricultural sector is one of the most blossoming industries of the Nigerian economy. With proper strategic planning, any individual having a basic knowledge of farming and manufacturing production and operations can start a profitable farming business.Starting a farm business in Nigeria can be challenging, but it also offers you a lot of opportunities. You can start any type of agriculture business you like, as long as you do your research, plan ahead, and get funding to get your company off the ground.

profitable farming business